Our group leader, Neil Barrows, was out of town serving the community in Missionary work.  Latonia Smith filled in as guest facilitator this week.  

  • After an opening prayer and song, she started with her personal testimony of how this verse touched her this week.  She experienced personal danger this week when someone through a large piece of concrete at her head this week while on her own front porch.  While the police officers that responded did not take the situation seriously or protect her, God always protects his children. 
  • We had an overview of the book of Psalms as a whole.  We talked about how it is the longest book in the Bible.  How it was originally divided into five books, each separated by a doxology, according to Stedman's commentary. 

                                         i.    Psalm 1-41- Book 1-Parallels Genesis- Cry of human need.

                                         ii.    Psalm 42-72-Book 2- Parallels Exodus- Experience of a new relationship

                                        iii.    Psalm 73-89-Book 3- Parallels Leviticus-Book of tabernacle of worship.

                                       iv.    Psalm 90-106-Book 4- Parallels Numbers-The Wilderness Book.

                                         v.    Psalm 107-150-Book 5- Parallels Deuteronomy-Experience of New Resource in God.

  • We said that more than half were written by David, at least one by Moses, some by the sons of Korah, some by Asaph, and ten by Hezekiah. 
  • We compared Psalms to the emotions of man, proverbs to the will of man, and Ecclesiastes to the mind of mind- per the commentary written by Ray Stedman.
  • Psalm 91 would be part of book 4 and is about our wilderness experience and how God protects us.
  • We talked briefly about Psalm 91.  The author is unknown, but there are two theories about who wrote it. 
  • According to Charles Spurgeon's Commentary, The Treasury of David, The Jewish doctors consider that when the author's name is not mentioned we may assign the Psalm to the last named writer; and, if so, this is another Psalm of Moses, the man of God. “
  • According to Jameison-Fausset-Brown's Bible commentary, "David is the most probable author; and the pestilence, mentioned in 2Sa 24:13-15, the most probable of any special occasion to which the Psalm may refer.” 
  •  Psalm 91 is divided as follows:
a.   Verse 1 Personal Pronoun He- Psalmist makes a general statement about a person who dwells in the Lord. 
b.  Verse 2 First Person- Personal testimony about deliverance experienced personally by the Psalmist.
c.   Verse 3-13 Psalmist switches back to speaking about this anonymous person.
d.    Verse 14-16 Appear to be spoken directly by the Lord.

  • We read through the entire passage of scripture once, then went through each of these section with a group discussion on what it meant to each of us.

  • We talked about the various names of God that were presented in the first two verses of this Psalm and their origins and meanings. 

a.    Most High H5945- Hebrew 'elyown Supreme Lofty Elevated

b.    Almighty- H7706- Hebrew Shadday- Almighty, Most Powerful

c.    Lord- H-3068- Hebrew Yĕhovah- Jehovah = "the existing One"

d.    Refuge-H4268-Hebrew machaceh- shelter from rain, storm, or danger of falsehood.

e.    Fortress-H4686 Hebrew matsuwd- Castle or defense

f.     God-H430- 'elohiym- Plural form used in a singular context.  God, incorporating the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

We concluded with a few quotes from various commentaries and a reading of an article by Charles Stanley.

Psalm 91New International Version (NIV)

Psalm 91

Whoever dwells in the shelter of the Most High
    will rest in the shadow of the Almighty.[a]
I will say of the Lord, “He is my refuge and my fortress,
    my God, in whom I trust.”

Surely he will save you
    from the fowler’s snare
    and from the deadly pestilence.
He will cover you with his feathers,
    and under his wings you will find refuge;
    his faithfulness will be your shield and rampart.
You will not fear the terror of night,
    nor the arrow that flies by day,
nor the pestilence that stalks in the darkness,
    nor the plague that destroys at midday.
A thousand may fall at your side,
    ten thousand at your right hand,
    but it will not come near you.
You will only observe with your eyes
    and see the punishment of the wicked.

If you say, “The Lord is my refuge,”
    and you make the Most High your dwelling,
10 no harm will overtake you,
    no disaster will come near your tent.
11 For he will command his angels concerning you
    to guard you in all your ways;
12 they will lift you up in their hands,
    so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.
13 You will tread on the lion and the cobra;
    you will trample the great lion and the serpent.

14 “Because he[b] loves me,” says the Lord, “I will rescue him;
    I will protect him, for he acknowledges my name.
15 He will call on me, and I will answer him;
    I will be with him in trouble,
    I will deliver him and honor him.
16 With long life I will satisfy him
    and show him my salvation.

Footnotes:

  1. Psalm 91:1 Hebrew Shaddai
  2. Psalm 91:14 That is, probably the king

New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.